Cookies are short fragments of text (letters and/or numbers) that allow the web server to store information on the client (the browser) to be reused during the same visit to the site (session cookies) or afterwards, even after days (persistent cookies). Cookies are stored, according to the user’s preferences, by the individual browser on the specific device used (computer, tablet, smartphone).
Similar technologies, such as, for example, web beacons, transparent GIFs and all forms of local storage introduced with HTML5, can be used to collect information on user behavior and use of services.
In the remainder of this document we will refer to cookies and all similar technologies using simply the term “cookies”.
Types of cookies
Strictly necessary: cookies aimed solely at transmitting a communication over an electronic network (strictly means that transmission must not be possible in the absence of the cookie) and those linked to a service expressly requested by the visitor. They uniquely identify the point of arrival of the transmission, preventing the information from going to someone else, or those that experience transmission problems or errors;
Performance cookie category that includes all the markers that allow to provide a better user experience, and therefore collect information on the use of the site by visitors, but anonymous data that therefore does not lead to a profiling. These include site usage analysis services (such as Google Analytics), advertising and pay per click services;
Functionality cookies: markers that remember user choices and therefore automate certain procedures (such as login), or personalize access and navigation of the site (for example, they remember the user’s language);
When you visit a website, you may receive cookies either from the website you visit (“owners”) or from websites operated by other organisations (“third parties”). A notable example is the presence of “social plugins” for Facebook, Twitter, Google+ and LinkedIn. These are parts of the page you visit that are directly generated by these sites and integrated into the page of the host site. The most common use of social plugins is for sharing content on social networks.
The presence of these plugins involves the transmission of cookies to and from all sites managed by third parties. The management of information collected by “third parties” is governed by the relevant information to which you should refer. To ensure greater transparency and convenience, we provide below the web addresses of the different policies and how to manage cookies.
Facebook information: https://www.facebook.com/help/cookies/
Facebook (configuration): log into your account. Privacy section.
Twitter information: https://support.twitter.com/articles/20170514
Twitter (configuration): https://twitter.com/settings/security
Information link: https://www.linkedin.com/legal/cookie-policy
Linkedin (configuration): https://www.linkedin.com/settings/
Google+ information: http://www.google.it/intl/it/policies/technologies/cookies/
Google+ (configuration): http://www.google.it/intl/it/policies/technologies/managing/
The website includes components transmitted by Google Analytics, a web traffic analysis service provided by Google, Inc. (“Google”). Again, these are third-party cookies that are collected and managed anonymously to monitor and improve the performance of the website (performance cookies).
Google Analytics uses “cookies” to anonymously collect and analyse information on website usage behaviour (including your IP address). This information is collected by Google Analytics, which processes it for the purpose of compiling reports on website activity. Google may also disclose this information to third parties where required to do so by law, or where such third parties process the information on Google’s behalf.
For further information, please refer to the link below:
The user can selectively disable Google Analytics action by installing the opt-out component provided by Google on their browser.
To disable Google Analytics action, please refer to the link below:
Duration of cookies
Some cookies (session cookies) remain active only until the browser is closed or the logout command is executed. Other cookies “survive” when the browser is closed and are also available on subsequent visits by the user.
These cookies are called persistent and their duration is fixed by the server when they are created. In some cases an expiry date is set, in other cases the duration is unlimited.
You can decide whether or not to accept cookies using your browser settings.
Warning: the total or partial disabling of technical cookies may compromise the use of the site features reserved for registered users. On the contrary, the usability of public content is also possible by completely disabling cookies.
Disabling “third party” cookies in no way affects navigability.
The setting can be defined specifically for different sites and web applications. Furthermore, the best browsers allow you to define different settings for “proprietary” and “third party” cookies.
For example, in Firefox, through the menu Tools->Options->Privacy, you can access a control panel where you can define whether or not to accept the different types of cookies and proceed with their removal.